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States of Matter for First Grade

If you are looking for quick, no prep activities for first grade students to learn and write about states of matter: solid, liquid and gas, then you are in the RIGHT PLACE!

I'm a first grade teachers and let me be honest by saying that planning social studies and science is never top on my priority list!

That was UNTIL I realized there are some hidden gems in the form of golden opportunities when it comes to my science instructions. 

Read this post if you want to learn how to build in intervention time and meaningful writing opportunities while teaching your first grade students about Solid, Liquid and Gas. 

The main things students need to know in first grade are: 

  1. What are the properties of a solid?
  2. What are the properties of a liquid?
  3. What are the properties of a gas?
  4. Predict and identify changes in materials caused by heating and cooling.

Learning the Facts about States of Matter

Okay, “Guided Research” sounds like a super formal term… but what it really means is that these are the activities that we do together as a class and there is typically a right or wrong answer. 

This is where I introduce new vocabulary and I am “guiding” students through books or videos to find new information. We are then recording that new information on a simple recording sheet. 

These activities are completed at the beginning of the unit when students are just starting to build their knowledge base, so these activities might seem easy, but remember, they are BUILDING their knowledge on the subject. 


This unit includes excellent color image examples of solid, liquid and gas that provide great visuals for first grade students. 

Cut and Paste Activities

I'm also a huge fan of these cut and paste activities, because let's be honest, in first grade we are STILL working on fine motor skills. For students who are tactile learners, this is a GREAT activity.


I love using open ended prompts like the one you see on the left on the “Liquid Observation”. It's an excellent opportunity for you to model how to use adjectives correctly in a sentence when you are describing an object. 

I love the freedom that it gives me as a teacher to lead the discussion where I need it to go, but I also love that it gives students an opportunity to get really creative. 

You can easily differentiate this activity by having students draw, label or even write complete sentences. 

Interactive States of Matter Journals 

Next up comes cut and paste activities. These are PERFECT for when students are ready to become a little more independent. 

You can still complete these together as a class, OR you can have students complete the activities independent FOR… wait for….

EXTRA INTERVENTION time for math and reading!!


YES! I use my last 30 minutes of the day (for social studies or science) to sneak in a little more intervention time. 

I get my students going on an independent activity such as a cut and paste, then I pull back a group of 3-4 students for extra reading or math intervention rather than having them complete the social studies activity… because what's really more important? 

You can read more here: 

Writing about States of Matter for First Grade

I always love to wrap up my first grade states of matter unit with independent writing. 

I feel like this is the optimal way for students to show me what they have learned and also improve on their writing skills! 

You really have so many different options when it comes to writing. Here are my three go to forms of writing about states of matter: 

  1. Sentence Writing: students write one sentence about each state of matter.
  2. Informational Writing: Students write a paragraph about what they have learned about states of matter.
  3. Creative Writing: Students pretend to be a scientist and write about how they would investigate different states of matter.

For students who are pretty independent, I let them work on their own. For students who are struggling a little bit, I write out sentence stems for them to use.

I always like to encourage students to use real life examples in their writing which is SO easy for states of matter because they are all around us! 

Books about States of Matter

States of Matter Activities for First Grade

All activities in this blog post can be found in my No Prep States of Matter unit.

You can purchase it for a week of activities for $4. 

More First Grade Science Favorites:

States of Matter

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Kristen Sullins

Kristen Sullins

I am a current Elementary Librarian and
Enrichment Teacher, mother of two, follower of Christ and Texas native. In my own classroom, I love to save time by finding unique ways to integrate writing, social studies and science into all parts of my day. I also love all things organization!