Need some ideas to help your students increase their reading fluency? Below you will find 10 strategies that I have used in my classroom this year to help my students to increase their reading fluency.
These are effective strategies that I use in my reading, writing and poetry stations and at my teacher table during guided reading!
Reading Fluency Strips
Sight Words with Punctuation for Reading Fluency
This is a strategy I use at my teacher table during guided reading. I give each student a stack of sight word cards, markers and a blank piece of paper. Students write their sight words on the paper with punctuation at the end of the word. Once they have written 10 or so words, they practice reading those words with the proper expression to match the punctuation. Not only are they practicing reading with fluency, but they are also working on sight word recognition as well!
Read in Funny Voices
Funny voices can make anything more fun. I found this FREEBIE a few years ago by A Day in First Grade. I keep my set of funny voice cards at my reading center for students to use during their reading station time. I also like to use them in whole group and small group when we are practicing sight words to make it more fun for the kids.
Read to a Stuffed Animal to Increase Reading Fluency
Another noise level friendly strategy is whisper phones. Whisper phones allow students to hear themselves when they read without raising their voice above a whisper. Plus, the kids think it is really fun! Below is a great pin on making DIY whisper phones!!
Roll and Read Reading Fluency Phrases
Sentence Cut Apart Activities
Below is a great article from Learning at the Pond on how to use a sentence cut apart activity to help students increase reading fluency. Definitely worth the read! I use this strategy at my writing station and also at my small group table during guided reading.
I really like to use this strategy at my small group table during guided reading. I give students a blank piece of paper and some crayons. Then I choose a phrase from the text we just read. Students will make the word ladder on their paper, then practice reading the word ladder to me or I partner them up and let the read their word ladder to a friend.
I also really like to use word ladders in my poetry station. Students can choose a stanza from a poem to make a word ladder and practice reading it to a friend.
One very effective way for students to become more fluent readers is to listen to fluent oral reading modeled by their teacher. An echo read is very simple. The teacher chooses a sentence or paragraph from the book and reads it to the student(s) with expression. The student(s) then repeat the phrase back to the teacher using the same expression. I've found that it works better if you choose a paragraph from a text that the students have already read in your small group. That way, students have already practiced decoding the book and focus more on reading that text more fluently.
Partner reading, also known as paired reading, is another easy fluency strategy that is super easy to implement in the classroom. Researchers have said that in order for a student to increase fluency, they must practice listening to and reading to other readers of all kinds. What I have seen in my classroom is that students often try their hardest when they are reading to a friend because they want to impress that friend with their reading skills. The best part, students always LOVE partner reading, so you get named “the fun teacher”.